Chess originated in 6th-century India, called "Chaturanga" with military-themed pieces.
The game spread globally from Persia to Europe during the Middle Ages.
Chess was once exclusive to royalty and nobility, symbolizing intelligence.
The queen's role evolved, gaining powerful movement in the 15th century.
"The Immortal Game" in 1851 showcased chess's beauty through sacrifices.
The longest tournament game lasted 269 moves in 1989.
Chess bridges cultures and languages, uniting players worldwide in strategic pursuit.